A Beginner’s Guide to Kangaroo Adaptations

A Beginner’s Guide to Kangaroo Adaptations
A Beginner’s Guide to Kangaroo Adaptations

One of the most intriguing animals is the Kangaroo, and as you will discover, Kangaroo adaptations are quite extensive. While you can find this animal type in zoos, petting zoos, and wildlife refuges, they are primarily found in Australia. 

Because Australia is so barren and is a country that deals with frequent droughts, one of the first Kangaroo adaptations are specific to surviving and thriving in this country.

The following are additional Kangaroo adaptations, which will show you exactly why this animal is so amazing.

Female’s Adult Life

During the female’s adult life, she is pregnant the majority of the time. However, as a part of Kangaroo adaptations, when drought hits Australia, her body can freeze or suspend embryo development indefinitely. Once food, water, and other sources needed to grow and survive become available, the embryo can again flourish.

Fantastic Kangaroo Adaptations

Another one of the great Kangaroo adaptations is that the mother produces two different types of milk. One example of liquid is used for the very young embryo that remains attached to the teat, whereas the other kind of milk is for the maturing Joey that spends time in and outside of the pouch. Since baby Kangaroo has different needs, her body has been able to adapt to these needs and produce different milk.

Kangaroo Adaptations Specific

There are Kangaroo adaptations specific to being energy efficient. The design of the body, especially the hind legs, this animal can move very fast for long distances while using little power. 

In fact, with the way the back leg moves, when the Kangaroo is hopping, the lungs are being refilled with each hop. Also, with the legs working much like tightly coiled springs that release, jumping quickly for long distances expends far less energy than another type of animal that uses four legs.

  • While much of Australia is prone to drought, some areas can become flooded quickly. Therefore, we also need to add Kangaroo adaptations for their swimming ability. A misconception about this animal is that it is a weak swimmer, but it can swim very well in truth.


  • To handle the hot temperatures of Australia, the Kangaroo will hunt for food, move about the land, and remain more active during the early morning and late afternoon hours when the climate is cold. Once temperatures begin to climb, the Kangaroo will find a shaded area to rest.
Kangaroo eat
  • Even the teeth are one of the fantastic Kangaroo adaptations that people find so surprising. Because the Kangaroo eats very coarse grass as a primary diet, the teeth wear down over time, to the point of eventually falling out. However, the Kangaroo does not walk around toothless. Instead, the back teeth move forward while new teeth grow.

Baby Kangaroo Adaptations

Even baby Kangaroo adaptations are noted, as is the case of newborns. Brand new babies have forelimbs that are developed to the point they can climb inside the mother’s pouch and begin suckling. Considering these babies are born between 31 and 36 days, this is quite remarkable. 

Once a baby becomes a toddler, it is called a Joey, which will stay in the mother’s pouch for 320 days, after which they begin to take short trips outside for exploration. However, baby Kangaroo continues to feed off mom for about 18 months.

The last of the Kangaroo adaptations we wanted to mention has to do with hearing. You would have noticed that the ears are continually twitching if you have ever seen this kind of animal. This is not because of an itch or being annoyed by insects but using the ears to detect sound and determine its direction.